en:E621

添加剂: en:E621

功能: 增味劑

Monosodium glutamate -MSG, also known as sodium glutamate- is the sodium salt of glutamic acid, one of the most abundant naturally occurring non-essential amino acids. Glutamic acid is found naturally in tomatoes, grapes, cheese, mushrooms and other foods.MSG is used in the food industry as a flavor enhancer with an umami taste that intensifies the meaty, savory flavor of food, as naturally occurring glutamate does in foods such as stews and meat soups. It was first prepared in 1908 by Japanese biochemist Kikunae Ikeda, who was trying to isolate and duplicate the savory taste of kombu, an edible seaweed used as a base for many Japanese soups. MSG as a flavor enhancer balances, blends, and rounds the perception of other tastes.The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has given MSG its generally recognized as safe -GRAS- designation. A popular belief is that large doses of MSG can cause headaches and other feelings of discomfort, known as "Chinese restaurant syndrome," but double-blind tests fail to find evidence of such a reaction. The European Union classifies it as a food additive permitted in certain foods and subject to quantitative limits. MSG has the HS code 29224220 and the E number E621. - 维基百科

过度暴露的风险

欧洲食品安全局的评价: Re‐evaluation of glutamic acid -E 620-, sodium glutamate -E 621-, potassium glutamate -E 622-, calcium glutamate -E 623-, ammonium glutamate -E 624- and magnesium glutamate -E 625- as food additives (2017/07/12)

过度暴露的高风险
The European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) has determined that some population groups have a high risk of consuming too much en:E621.

To evaluate your exposure to the en:E621 food additive, you can browse our list of products that contain it. See the list of products with en:E621 below.

  婴幼儿幼儿孩子青少年成人老年
  < 11至2岁3至9岁10至17岁18至64岁65+
大多数人
(超过 50%)
超过50%以上的成员超过可接受的日摄入量的群体 (ADI)50%以上的成员超过最大剂量而无不良反应的组别(无观察到的不良反应水平 - NOAEL)50%以上的成员超过最大剂量而无不良反应的组别(无观察到的不良反应水平 - NOAEL)超过50%以上的成员超过可接受的日摄入量的群体 (ADI)超过50%以上的成员超过可接受的日摄入量的群体 (ADI) 
一些人
(超过 5%)
超过5%的成员超过最大剂量而无不良反应的组别(无观察到的不良反应水平 - NOAEL)超过5%的成员超过最大剂量而无不良反应的组别(无观察到的不良反应水平 - NOAEL)超过5%的成员超过最大剂量而无不良反应的组别(无观察到的不良反应水平 - NOAEL)超过5%的成员超过最大剂量而无不良反应的组别(无观察到的不良反应水平 - NOAEL)超过5%以上的成员超过可接受的日摄入量的群体 (ADI)超过5%以上的成员超过可接受的日摄入量的群体 (ADI)

超过最大剂量而无不良效应的风险(无观察到的不良效应水平 - NOAEL) : 超过最大剂量而无不良效应的风险(无观察到的不良效应水平 - NOAEL)

超过每日可接受摄入量的风险 (ADI) : 超过每日可接受摄入量的风险 (ADI)

名称: Glutamate monosodique, glutamate de sodium, monosodium glutamate, GMS, MSG

国家: 中华人民共和国 - 查看来自全球的匹配产品